Source image: Boise state university
Because of the development of 5G apps and IoT, and the rise of smart appliances, the need for carrier-grade WiFi is increasing exponentially.
Today, a home client’s perception of the QoE given by a Communication Service Provider (CSP) is mostly determined by WiFi reliability.
In reality, irrespective of whether the uplink connectivity is copper, wired fibre, cables, or LTE, WiFi is usually the most significant barrier in holding onto your customers.
Bad in-home connection accounts for about 30% of calls to a CSP’s service desk nowadays.
CSPs have tried to introduce gigabyte broadband to homes, but they usually have no authority over in-house service.
Intermediate interference can be generated by a few wireless technologies like different WiFi networks or non-WiFi equipment like LTE, microwaves, DECT equipment, and baby monitors.
In an apartment block with many neighbours, this interference becomes even more challenging to handle.
As a result, they need to develop and manage WiFi connections that are flexible and capable of meeting all customer demands while also delivering the highest user experience.
To truly be labelled “carrier-grade,” carrier WiFi networks must meet three essential criteria:
- Reliable WiFi consumer experiences
- An end-to-end WiFi network that’s fully integrated
- Features for managing WiFi networks and providing WiFi service assistance
Concerning WiFi Optimization
In recent times, the status of WiFi optimization and utilization in the digital world has changed, from a network that can support a few applications working especially on laptops to a network that can support a ton of information, audio, and video services obtained from a range of devices.
WiFi is currently considered a critical commercial facility by CSPs. It’s expected to grow even more in upcoming 5G networks.
High-performance WiFi networks and top-notch user experience are critical to the success of CSP service offerings. By optimizing the WiFi capacity, WiFi hardware layer, application layer, user access layer, and WiFi spectrum, WiFi optimization can be achieved.
While CSPs have less influence over the app and device layer, they can have power over WiFi capacity and WiFi spectrum.
Wifi Spectrum Optimization
First of all, this is a limited resource. Therefore, it is crucial to enhance its utilization to implement the optimum range of network capacity for a specific deployment, especially in areas in which there is intensive consumption.
Adding extra Access Points is the usual solution for dealing with extra bandwidth demands for more customers in a congested environment.
However, this will only function to a limited extent and will soon come into WiFi spectrum limitations.
Only three APs can successfully be put in a particular region as 2.4GHz band where WiFi operators only allow three non-overlapping streams.
So if you connect the fourth AP, you’ll have to duplicate the same channel, lowering the throughput on the channel and causing interference.
WiFi devices, particularly cell phones, can be found in massive amounts in public locations.
Because they probe the air for Wireless networks to join, such unassociated gadgets can require a large amount of WiFi spectrum.
Wifi Capacity Optimization
WiFi can be viewed as a sharing medium, which means that you can fit only a certain number of individuals on a single radio before the performance starts suffering.
Therefore, handling high traffic capacity and/or many wireless users can provide more effective communication.
At least 27 radios – the net amount of digital channels with WiFi – are required to leverage the spectrum.
However, transitional APs had only two radios, one stable in 2.4GHz while the other in 5GHz.
To provide maximum WiFi capacity and fully utilize the spectrum, up to 24 access points would be needed in a particular region.
Traditional access points use omnidirectional antennas to broadcast wireless signals in a 360-degree manner, similar to how a LED light does.