Peer-to-peer file sharing became popular following the introduction of Napster, which is a central server-based application that links people who have requested the files.
It index users based on their shared content. It only presents available copies that will be transferred directly between the two computers. However, the challenge was that it only permitted music files because there was a need to have a central server to facilitate this process.
In 2001 Napster was shut down because of copyright infringement, and afterward, the popular peer-to-peer service at that time was Kazaa and Gnutella.
They allowed users to download games, movies, and music. They served as p2p first-generation system.
After such A brief history, you will be in an excellent position to understand what P2P means.
Well, this type of network is created when there are more than two connected computers over a network that share resources without necessarily being linked to a separate server.
How does P2P work
Peer-to-peer file-sharing uses a different approach, unlike traditional file downloading. Well, P2P software is used instead of a browser to locate the computers that contain the files that you require.
That is why the other networks are referred to as peers because they are similar to the ones that you are using. Therefore when you run the software on your computer and it sends out a request for the files that you would like to download.
This software will locate files from the computers that are connected on the internet and once identifies the type of file that you wanted on the peer hard drive it embarks on downloading. Additionally, the other users who are using P2P also have an opportunity to obtain the files that are there in your PC hard drive.
However, leaching occurs when some use disconnect immediately after obtaining files which they need them to prevent other users from sourcing files from his computer.
Good uses of P2P systems
Peer-to-peer systems allow users to obtain files from computers that are connected in the same network, but most importantly, you will be able to backup your data in another P2P software that will allow you to retrieve when your system is down easily.
There are other uses of such a network, which include defense systems, distributed computing, and sensor nets.
The good thing with this network is that it doesn’t require a network operating system and no need for expensive servers.
Additionally, there are no staff to facilitate the functionality of this network, and if one computer fails within a network, it won’t disrupt the others who are using the same system.
On the other hand, uTorrent also used BitTorrent to allow users to download various files based on their needs.
It is compatible with various operating systems that allow uTorrent free download. It is important to do ant security of torrents by installing antivirus and using a VPN service so that you can use it safely.
The peer-to-peer file-sharing system is one of the easiest ways which allows people to access files of choice within a network. The software identifies the type of file that you need, and it proceeds to download it from the computers that you share the same P2P network.
Through a P2P network, you can enjoy instant messaging by using a protocol like Tox and a VoIP protocol for voice communication. It is facilitated by a software that allows encryption to take place between the two computers which are connected within the same network.
Technology is advancing its peer-to-peer for collaboration based on the ability to share files in a network. Soon new resources will be introduced to provide an opportunity for the peers to get what suits their needs.
It is now clear that P2P is a great network sharing service that has higher shared bandwidth to allow users to share various files within the network.
It is also scalable because the bandwidth and availability of the shared files depend on the number of users who are connected in the network.
This implies that then more the number of users, then more the number of resources that can be shared within that particular session.