When ears are pierced, for instance, shattered cartilage—also known as damaged cartilage—breaks apart into pieces. Cartilage can also be broken by a strong impact. Arterial bleeding and cartilage fragments may develop from damaged joint cartilage.
The affected area becomes heated, inflamed, tender, aching, and painful when joint cartilage is damaged. As injury increases, stiffness and a reduction in the range of movement may occur. In extreme circumstances, cartilage fragments can shut up joints and cause bleeding inside the joint. Although elbow, wrist, ankle, shoulder, and hip joints can also be impacted, the knee is where articular cartilage injury most frequently occurs.
Direct strikes can seriously harm cartilage, such as those from a bad fall or a car accident. A larger risk exists for those who participate in high-impact activities like wrestling, football, or martial arts. Long-term sustained stress on a joint might eventually harm cartilage as well. Compared to those of average weight, obese people are more vulnerable to wear and tear damage. Osteoarthritis is brought on by joint cartilage breakdown, inflammation, and loss over time.
Damaged cartilage takes a lot longer to mend than other body tissues. This is so because cartilage lacks a blood supply, which aids in the healing of tissue damage caused by diffusion.
Modern noninvasive techniques make detection easier even if an articular cartilage injury diagnosis may be severe. A magnetic field and radio waves are used in magnetic resonance imaging to provide precise body images that can detect cartilage deterioration. An arthroscope is placed into a joint to assess and diagnose damage when it cannot be seen.
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